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Grenada Geography


Located about 160 km (100 mi) north of Trinidad and 109 km (68 mi) south-southwest of St Vincent, Grenada, which includes the inhabited islands of Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique, has an area of 340 km² (131 mi²). Comparatively, the area occupied by Grenada is slightly less than twice the size of Washington DC, USA. Grenada island extends 34 km (21 mi) northeast to southwest, and 19 km (12 mi) southeast to northwest, and has a coastline of 121 km (75 mi).

The island Grenada itself is the largest island; smaller Grenadines are Carriacou, Petit Martinique, Ronde Island, Caille Island, Diamond Island, Large Island, Saline Island and Frigate Island. Most of the population lives on Grenada itself, and major towns there include the capital, St George’s, Grenville and Gouyave. The largest settlement on the other islands is Hillsborough on Carriacou. Grenada's capital city, St George's, is located on the island's southwestern coast.

Volcanic in origin, Grenada is very hilly, with the highest peak, Mount St Catherine, in the Central Highlands, rising to 840 m (2,756 ft). The coastline is indented with many beaches and small bays. Several short streams cross the terrain. Lake Grand Etang is formed in the crater of a volcano at 530 m (1,740 ft) above sea level.

The tropical climate is tempered by almost constant sea breezes; the prevailing wind is from the northeast. Temperatures range from 24° to 30°C (75-87°F). Annual rainfall varies from about 150 cm (60 in) in the northern and southern coastal belts to as much as 380 cm (150 in) in the Central Highlands. There is a wet season from June to December, but rain falls periodically throughout the year. Grenada, being on the southern edge of the hurricane belt, has suffered only three hurricanes in 50 years.


Location :
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad & Tobago

Geographic coordinates :
12 07 N, 61 40 W

Map references :
Central America and the Caribbean

Area :
total: 344 sq km
land: 344 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative :
twice the size of Washington DC, USA

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